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    當前位置:文檔庫 > 民族社區參與旅游發展的動力機制

    民族社區參與旅游發展的動力機制

    民族社區參與旅游發展的動力機制

    民族社區參與旅游發展的動力機制

    作者:文章來源:點擊數:18 更新時間:2010年10月28日

    民族社區參與旅游發展是指在民族社區,采取政府主導、市場基礎、社區參與的旅游發展模式,合理利用民族社區現有資源和外來援助,從民族社區的共同意識、利益和需要出發,有計劃地推動和引導民族社區居民共同參與旅游發展。

    經濟效益驅動。對大多數社區居民來講,參與旅游業給他們的最深切感受就是旅游業帶來的經濟利益,使他們的經濟狀況得到改觀,這本身就是推動社區參與旅游開發的重要初衷。在那些可選擇發展機會非常有限的少數民族社區,旅游給社區居民創造更多的商業機會方面比其他產業更加有效,給這些地區居民帶來的福利效應遠比相同情況下給發達地區帶來的效應大得多。從事旅游業的社區群眾在旅游業經濟效應的強烈刺激下,能夠迅速轉變其行為態度,逐步向支持、同化階段過渡,演替時間較短。

    所以,要徹底拋棄將社區居民當作“包袱”的想法,要使社區居民切身受益于旅游業,通過給予居民實際的經濟利益,來消除他們對旅游發展的疑惑態度和對旅游發展決策的神秘感,增強他們支持旅游、參與旅游、彼此合作的熱情。

    民主自治保障。促進居民的合作和主動精神既是解決民族社區旅游開發問題的需要,也是實現更高更廣層次社會進步的必經之路。民族社區居民居住于相對固定地域、彼此間擁有建立在地緣關系基礎上比較深刻的連帶性,蘊藏著共同行為的潛力,是十分寶貴的組織資源和發展資源。

    社區參與旅游的主體是社區全體居民,它強調居民的共同參與以及在此基礎上的居民的自助、互助和自治,是社區力量的總體開發,而不是單純依靠政府和他人來提供服務。同時,社區參與也必然要求少數人決策轉變為廣大社區成員的決策,少數人的參與轉變為大多數人的參與,以促使社區參與從依賴外部人力物力資源的“外源型”發展轉變為“內源型”發展。這些都必須加強民主自治,充分發揮社區主體的積極性。

    特色、精品拉動。民族社區都有豐富的文化積累、深厚的民族文化內涵。社區參與中要突出各個民族社區的整體形象和鮮明特色,這是社區人口認同感的基礎,是社區內聚力的源泉,是旅游資源開發的最有魅力的背景資源。

    社區居民所提供的旅游產品應該在統一協調、科學規劃之下,突出各自特色、挖掘民族文化內涵、提高經營管理水平和銷售水平,力爭部分成為民族社區旅游開發的重點產品、

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